Under King Philip II, Macedonia emerged as a formidable military force, crushing the joint army of Thebes and Athens, uniting Greece (except for Sparta) under what became known as the Hellenic league. King Philip II was assassinated by his own body guard, and was succeeded by his 20 year old son, Alexander, who was tutored by non other than Aristotle himself, and already experienced in the art of war. Alexander consolidated power, and proceeded to invade Persia by 334 BC with an army of about 40,000, victoriously penetrating into Asia minor, and finally confronting King Darius, king of kings himself.
Robert Sepehr is an anthropologist and author
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