The Roman statesman and philosopher Marcus Cicero called Saturn, Phainon, a word meaning “shining”. Saturn is where we get our name for Saturday, and Saturnalia was probably the most popular festivals of the Roman calendar.
The planet Jupiter has been known since ancient times. It's visible to the naked eye in the night sky, and can occasionally be seen in the daytime when the Sun is low. In Germanic mythology, Jupiter is equated to Thor, where we get the name for Thursday. Zeus is the sky and thunder god in ancient Greek religion, and Jupiter was known as Amon to the Egyptians.
Robert Sepehr is an author, producer, and independent anthropologist.
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